Your teeth are made of many different layers and are complex structures. The dental pulp is located in the dentin, one of the inner layers of a tooth.
The pulp contains the nerve center, blood vessels, and connective tissue that allows the tooth to stay alive. It is also the reason you feel pain when something is wrong, and it reaches the root of the tooth.
What is Dental Pulp Disease?
The health of your dental pulp is vital to your tooth because it extends from the crown of the tooth (the visible part above the gum line) to the tip of the root, all the way in the jawbone. When a tooth is weakened, and you get a cavity, it can potentially reach the root of the tooth if not treated.
Therefore, you feel that sharp, stabbing pain when eating something hot or cold. A cavity is a hole in the tooth, and when the decay reaches the root, it makes your tooth more sensitive. Untreated cavities are the most common reason for dental pulp disease.
Dental pulp disease is an infection of the pulp and can be reversible or irreversible. This condition can be mild to severe and can cause the complete destruction of the nerve or an infection, called a tooth abscess. If not treated, an abscess can be deadly because the disease can spread to other areas of the head including the brain. Pulp damage can also be caused by trauma when a tooth gets knocked out by a blow to the face.
Dental pulp diseases or pulpitis happens when the pulp becomes irritated and inflamed from decay that has spread to the root. Our body is designed to protect the nerves, and in some cases, the dentin acts as a barrier that can help a tooth heal on its own. However, we don't recommend waiting because of the severe consequences of not treating an infection.